The Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) is one of the sectoral ministries of the Afghan government. Following almost three decades of turmoil, war, droughts and a dramatic increase in opium production MAIL’s mandate is to restore Afghanistan’s licit agricultural economy by assisting women and men farmers to increase production and productivity; to manage and protect Afghanistan’s natural resource base for sustainable growth; to improve rural agricultural infrastructure and irrigation systems; and to expand agricultural markets and develop human resource capacity. The goal is to reduce poverty throughout Afghanistan and assure food security for all. Thus the new direction for agriculture growth is anchored in increased productivity focusing on agricultural products that have a comparative advantage through various value chain approaches.

MAIL, under its mandate, works on economic development, inclusive growth and providing employment opportunities. MAIL structures its activities, according to NADF, in four pillars: Natural Resource Management, Production and Productivity, Economic Regeneration and Change Management. All the projects are aligned into these four pillars.
Pillar one, Natural Resource Management, is the pillar that deals with natural resources of the country such as water, forests, rangelands, protected areas and etc. MAIL is committed to protect and utilize its all natural resources. There have been many projects implemented for this purpose. Climate Change and its impact are also part of the Natural Resource Management Pillar. MAIL is strongly committed to keep the environment clean and work on the projects that helps mitigate the adverse effects of climate change. Strengthening the resilience of rural livelihood options for Afghan community project is one of those efforts.
This project will respond to the climate change impacts and climate variability adversely impacting the human development and water resources of Afghanistan. It will also implement activities to ensure that Afghanistan can withstand future climate change impacts through i) building awareness and planning capacity for climate change adaptation; ii) demonstrating adaptation activities at the community level; iii) building capacity; and iv) promoting the development of pertinent policy.
The project objective is to strengthen the resilience of rural livelihood options for Afghan communities in Panjshir, Balkh, Uruzgan and Herat Provinces to manage climate change-induced disaster risks. The three complementary results that this project will deliver include:
• Climate change risk and variability integrated into local planning and budgeting processes
• Rural income and livelihood opportunities for vulnerable communities enhanced and diversified
• Productive irrigation infrastructure rehabilitated and improved