More than a quarter century of conflict compounded by repeated natural disasters has left Afghanistan as one of the poorest countries in the world. According to the National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA) for 2007-2008, the poverty rate in rural areas is 36% and 45% of rural populations do not meet minimum food requirements. With over 75% of the Afghan population living in rural areas, rural development is therefore seen as a crucial sector for the development and stability of the country.
Under the portfolio of the Regional Programs Coordination Office, the Northern Flood-Damaged Infrastructure Emergency Rehabilitation Project focuses on emergency rehabilitation of the local infrastructures (rural roads, bridges and small scale irrigation) destroyed or damaged by the flood in 1393. The project will be implemented by MRRD and the Funding is provided by the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
The Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development has been appointed as the Executing Agency for the project. A central management unit (PMU) based at MRRD headquarters in Kabul will be actually responsible for the implementation, working closely with the provincial departments of rural rehabilitation and development (DRRDs) and the community development councils (CDCs).