The National Solidarity Program (NSP) is the largest of the Afghanistan Government’s national programs and is one of the largestcommunity driven development program in the world. The Program is implemented by the Afghanistan Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) and is currently into its 13th year of implementation its and 3rd phase.
NSP consists of four core elements:
· Facilitation at the community level to assist communities establish inclusive community institutions known as Community Development Councils (CDCs);
· Building the capacity of CDCs and community members;
· Providing direct block grant transfers to fund approved subprojects; and
· Linking CDCs to government agencies, NGOs and donors to improve access to services and resources.
By the end of NSP III, i.e. September 2016, the NSP proposes to cover around 35,600 communities with a first round of block grants and around 11,800 communities with a repeater block grant. The oversight and management of the NSP is handled by a Project Implementation Unit (PIU) comprising 1 HQ and 34 provincial management units. The HQ offices comprise two directorates and 9 departments. The PIU also contracts a firm to serve as its Financial Management Agent (FMA). NSP's field facilitation of the communities is contracted to 31 firms, including NGOs, a UN agency and some private firms that form the NSP 'Facilitating Partners’ (FPs). The communities, through elected CDCs, themselves arethe Implementing Partners.