About MoF/UN Women

Background on Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB):

The Ministry of Finance (MoF) is responsible for the preparation of the national budget and its management and execution, collection of taxes, organization and control of public expenditure and payments to the government and finally the management of Customs. 

Every government has to know the status of its revenues and expenditures, the management of its financial resources so as to allocate them effectively. The Directorate General Budget (DGB) of MoF is responsible for budget operations, strategic planning, reporting and financial analysis on proposed and actual legislation affecting the national budget of Afghanistan. The government’s vision for Afghanistan is a prosperous nation where citizens enjoy personal and property security. In such an environment, all ordinary Afghan women and men can dream of, and attain, a better life for their children and society at large. There is an increasing acknowledgement that the above mentioned vision cannot be attained without concerted efforts to strengthen the status of women and promote gender equality. The funding and programs under the national budget are therefore the foundations to ensure gender responsiveness.

Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB) was introduced in Afghanistan as an instrument for analyzing and allocating resources in national budget to meet gender objectives stipulated in the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS) and the National Action Plan for the Women of Afghanistan (NAPWA) during mid-2000s.

The GRB process was launched in 2010 and incorporated in the 2011 national budget through including the requirements of GRB in Budget Circular 1 (BC1), Budget Circular 2 (BC2) forms and GRB guidelines attached to BC2 instructions by the MoF. 

During 2015, MoF launched a strategy on GRB. This strategy aims to provide guidelines, and actions to address the GoIRA’s commitment to gender equality be reflected through allocation of adequate resources, thereby, create opportunities for advancing gender equality, women’s empowerment, and contribute to the overall national development. Since this is a relatively new concept in Afghanistan, and therefore, technical and capacity building support is needed to institutionalize the GRB mechanism in the country’s budgeting process.

Organizational Context:
The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) is dedicated to advancing gender equality and women’s human rights in Afghanistan and works closely with Government, the international community and civil society to promote and advocate for gender equality and women’s empowerment. UN Women supports MoF through a Letter of Agreement (LoA) in successful implementation of a joint MoF- UN Women work plan towards ensuring the gender responsiveness of the national budget. The Joint MoF/UN Women Work Plan for the year 2016-2017 involves technical and financial support by UN Women to implement the national GRB strategy and initiate the process within the 7 identified pilot ministries. MoF will recruit a Senior GRB Specialist with the support from UN Women to build capacity of the relevant staff of budget and gender units of the pilot ministries in order to make the budget responsive to gender needs.