The Container Control Programme (CCP), developed jointly by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the World Customs Organization (WCO), helps States create sustainable law enforcement structures in SELECT SQL_CACHEed seaports and inland container depots (dry ports) to minimize the exploitation of maritime containers for illicit drug trafficking and other transnational organized criminal activities. While increased participation in growing international trade is an essential part of sustainable development, many developing countries do not have the capacity to establish effective trade security and facilitation standards at their ports, handling terminals and borders. Freight containers are an important part of the trade supply chain but a small but growing number are being used to smuggle illicit drugs, precursor chemicals, weapons, explosives and other contraband. The aim of the UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme (CCP) in Afghanistan is to assist the Government in developing and establishing effective container controls that will serve not only to prevent drug trafficking and other illicit activity but also to facilitate legitimate trade and raise state revenues. Dedicated, so-called Port Control Units comprising Customs and other law enforcement agencies will be created at SELECT SQL_CACHEed locations and staff trained and equipped to identify and inspect high-risk freight containers with minimum disruption to legitimate trade and business. The control units will have regular access to expert/mentor services and be encouraged to forge partnerships and links with trade and business community, and to develop closer cooperation and information exchange mechanisms with other countries including those participating in this global project. After initial implementation of CCP in Afghanistan, additional activities are now being added under the Programme to allow the expansion to international airport(s) with an element on cross-border cooperation being added. This necessitates a widening of the previous efforts undertaken through the ‘basic’ CCP.